Acacia Wood Hard or Soft? 8 Best Factors 2023

How hard is acacia wood? Acacia wood is one of the most commonly used woods when it comes to crafting. Its uses are widespread and commonplace, and it is easy to find. Acacia wood can be either hard or soft, by definition. But what determines whether acacia wood is hard or soft? This article will explain.


Acacia Wood Hard or Soft?

According to Janka Hardness Rating acacia wood is generally considered hardwood, but that’s only part of the story. It all depends on the species of acacia. There are over 1000 species of acacia, and some are softer than others. An easy way to gauge the hardness of any type of lumber is to look at its Janka hardness rating. The Janka scale runs from 0 to 4000 (the higher the number, the harder). Acacia has a Janka rating between 1170 and 2345, which is within the range of many other hardwoods.

Acacia Wood Hard or Soft?

Comparison With Other Woods

Acacia is a relative hardwood, though it is not as hard as some other tropical woods. In fact, its hardness is similar to that of red oak, which is a very common hardwood used in the United States. The Janka scale measures the hardest-to-softest woods, and acacia falls in the middle range at 1,130. This is slightly softer than walnut but much harder than pine.

The acacia tree has a Janka rating of 2200. By comparison, red oak has a Janka rating of 1290, white oak of 1360, and hard maple of 1450. So acacia is a little harder than white and red oak, but softer than hard maple.

How Hard Is Acacia Wood

Factors That Determine Acacia Wood Hard or Soft

There are several factors that determine how hard or soft a piece of acacia wood is, but there are some general trends you can keep in mind as you decide if acacia is the right material for your project.

  1. Source of Acacia wood- The first factor to keep in mind is where the tree was grown. Acacia trees grow all over the world, from Asia to North America, and each region has its own climate—and they’re all slightly different! Depending on where you get your wood from and what kind of environment it grew up
  2. Species of Acacia wood- The type or species of acacia also determines whether it will be hard or soft. There are more than 1000 species of acacia, many of which have different features that can affect their hardness. Some species of acacia trees produce softer timber than others. This is because some varieties have wider growth rings and less dense wood grain.
  3. The age of the tree – Acacia grows in layers. As you can probably imagine, the older layers will be harder than the newer layers. So if your acacia wood is from an older tree, it will generally be harder than if it’s from a younger tree. Acacia wood typically takes about five to seven years to become fully matured, which means it can be used for furniture-making at that point. However, some types take as long as 20 years to become fully matured, so they aren’t used as much in furniture-making because they’re still considered very young at that point.
  4. The climate – This one’s pretty simple: hardier trees tend to grow in harsher climates, and vice versa for softer trees. If the trees grow in a colder climate with more rain and snow, their cells will have thicker walls and more lignin—making them harder than trees that grew in hotter, dryer climates with thinner cell walls and less lignin.
  5. The soil – Soil also affects how hard or soft your acacia wood is going to be—and not just because of its nutrient content (e.g., acidic)
  6. The cutting season- Acacia trees grow faster during spring than in autumn and winter. This means trees cut during autumn and winter are harder because they have less sapwood and more heartwood.
  7. Density- The classification of acacia wood as hard or soft depends on its density. Its density varies according to the variety and species and the place where it is grown, but most often it has a density between 670 kg/m3 to 710 kg/m3. This means that acacia wood can be classified as moderately hard, but not very hard.
  8. Weathering- One thing to bear in mind with any type of wood is that it will become less hard as time goes on. This process called “weathering” happens when water seeps into the pores and starts breaking down cellulose molecules within those cells over time—so if your piece was once very hard (like Australian blackwood acacia), then after years of exposure it might feel softer than when it first arrived at your home.


Based on the factors, acacia wood is determined to be hard. Acacia wood can be wood hard or soft depending entirely on the factors affecting it. These factors include maturation period, climate, location, and height. If the tree matures within a short period, the acacia tree hardens as expected. On the other hand, if it is matured below sea level for a long period with minimal tropical sun rays exposure, there are many chances it may end up being soft. Further factors that determine the hardness of acacia wood includes, age and growth stage, the region where it was grown and soil quality, weather conditions during the growth stage.

Frequently Asked Questions

What makes acacia wood hard?

The hardness of acacia wood comes from its density as well as the moisture content in it. The higher the moisture content, the less hard the acacia wood will be. So, if you want your acacia wood to be more durable and hard, make sure it has a low moisture content. If there is less water in the grain, your material will be harder and more durable for sure.

Is acacia wood durable?

Yes! Acacia wood is known for its durability and unique aesthetic appeal which makes it ideal for making high-quality furniture or decor pieces like wooden bowls and other wooden items such as plates, spoons, coasters, and much more. As long as you take good care of your wooden products they can last a lifetime if not longer.

What determines the hardness or softness of Acacia hardwood?

Usually, the denser the wood is, the harder it will be. This is true for Acacia Wood as well. It is considered one of the hardest woods that are native to North America. In addition, the density of a particular piece of wood depends on its thickness and age. The older wood tends to be denser than younger wood, and thicker wood tends to be denser than thinner wood.