Acacia wood and Mahogany Wood are two of the most prevalent types of wood used in furniture making. The two kinds of wood are often found side by side, but they each have their unique features that set them apart from each other. When deciding between the two, it is important to know the perfect application for each type of wood so you can determine which one will prove more helpful for your specific needs. It may be confusing to decide whether to use acacia wood or mahogany.
Acacia Vs Mahogany
Acacia and mahogany feature similarities and differences that make each unique. Here we will compare Acacia wood vs mahogany Wood and tell you which one is better for your home or business. We will begin by looking at the different properties of both planks of wood.
Acacia wood comes from trees that are found in Africa, Australia, and the southwest area of America. Mahogany wood comes from trees that are found in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean islands. Acacia and mahogany both originate from the same continent, Africa and Australia. Acacia wood is derived from a broad category of plants. This wood is mostly found in Australia, but it also grows in Asia, North America, and South America. Mahogany comes from the Meliaceae family of trees. The most popular species of mahogany is the Khaya ivorensis. It originates from tropical regions like Africa, Australia, and India.
Wood Growth Time:
Acacia grows so fast that it can be harvested after only 5 or 10 years. Mahogany takes between 25 and 50 years to grow mature enough to harvest. Faster growth time means that acacia is a more sustainable wood source than mahogany because acacia trees can be replanted faster than mahogany trees can grow.
The key difference between acacia wood and mahogany is their hardness. Acacia has a Janka hardness of 2,350 whereas mahogany is significantly harder with a score of 1,000. If you need furniture to be scratch-resistant, you should go with acacia as it is much harder than mahogany.
Acacia wood is softer than mahogany but denser than most other woods such as pine or fir. It’s medium-hard with a specific gravity (density) of 0.55 to 0.7 when air-dried. It’s often mixed together with other woods in order to create certain effects or reduce costs associated with flooring and furniture manufacturing.
While both acacia and mahogany are available in a variety of colors, mahogany tends to be darker, falling in the red-brown range. Acacia is lighter, ranging from a pale yellow to a rich brown with red undertones. Mahogany will darken with age while acacia will not. Acacia wood has a very unique appearance because it has a deep brown color with golden yellow streaks throughout the grain. It has a very attractive appearance that many people find appealing when choosing the right wood for their furniture needs. Acacia wood has a medium to coarse grain while mahogany wood has an interlocked grain pattern. Mahogany wood is heavier while acacia wood is lighter than mahogany.
Both acacia and mahogany are strong woods, but acacia is more resilient. This means that it is less prone to scratching and dents than mahogany. If you have children or plan on moving your furniture often, then acacia may be a better choice.
Acacia wood is usually a bit less expensive, but acacia trees are not as abundant as mahogany. Mahogany is generally more expensive than acacia. The cost of mahogany depends on its grade. A-grade mahogany is relatively expensive as it’s free of defects. B-grade mahogany has some defects such as cracks and splits but can be used for lower-end applications such as outdoor furniture or internal structures that aren’t exposed to view. The hardness of mahogany is also reflected in pricing. Harder species are more expensive than softer ones. The high-end mahogany wood flooring costs around $15 per square foot while the high-end acacia wood costs around $6 per square foot.
Acacia wood is generally more resistant to decay than Mahogany. Acacia wood is a very resistant material that can be used in both the indoors and outdoors. This type of wood has more resistance to insects than mahogany. Acacia wood has a high natural resistance to insects, mold, and rot; however, it can still be damaged by termites and borers if it is not treated regularly with insecticides or fungicides. Mahogany tends to be lower quality and has less resistance to dents and scratches. It’s not as durable as Acacia and this can affect how long it lasts outdoors in the elements or indoors in a busy home.
Acacia wood has a beautiful finish, and it is fairly easy to maintain and clean. Acacia wood requires very little maintenance, and it doesn’t require sealing or polishing. However, the surface can occasionally be swept with a broom or vacuumed. Mahogany wood is also quite easy to maintain and clean but requires occasional waxing to bring back its natural shine and luster.
Acacia is a valuable kind of wood that is used in making furniture and also in building construction while Mahogany is mostly used in making boats, musical instruments, cabinets, and furniture. Mahogany is ideal for high-end furniture pieces like formal dining tables because it has a soft texture and an even grain that accepts stains easily.
|Acacia (Various species within genus)
|Mahogany (Swietenia and Khaya genera)
|Light to dark brown colors
|Reddish-brown to deep red
|Distinct and wavy or interlocked
|Straight, fine, and even grain
|Hardness (Janka Scale)
|1,200 – 2,300 lbf (Varies by species)
|800 – 1,070 lbf
|Durable & resistant to pests
|Highly durable, resistant to decay
|Resistance to Decay
|Good resistance to decay and insects
|Excellent resistance to decay and pests
|Easy to work with
|Easy to work with, stable
|Stable, less prone to warping or twisting
|Furniture, flooring, kitchenware
|Furniture, cabinetry, boat building
|Higher cost compared to acacia
|Varied; some species are sustainable
|Conservation concerns due to exploitation
|Available, but certain species may be limited
|Appearance Over Time
|Darkens with age; natural luster
|Develops a rich patina with age
Acacia is a genus of trees and shrubs native to tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. There are over 1,300 species of acacia, with a wide range of wood colors, textures, and properties. The following are some of the most popular acacia wood types for woodworking and furniture.
Acacia wood types
Blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon)
This dense, dark-colored wood is known for its beautiful grain patterns and excellent durability. It is often used for high-end furniture, musical instruments, and flooring.
Koa (Acacia koa)
This Hawaiian native wood is prized for its warm, reddish-brown color and sweet, mellow tone. It is a popular choice for ukuleles and other acoustic instruments, as well as for furniture and flooring.
Monkeypod (Acacia podalyriifolia)
This medium-density wood has a beautiful grain pattern and is often used for furniture, cabinetry, and woodworking projects.
This fast-growing acacia species is a popular choice for plantation timber. It is a moderately hard wood with a light to medium brown color and a straight grain. It is often used for furniture, flooring, and construction.
This acacia species is native to Africa and Asia. It is a hard, heavy wood with a dark brown to black color. It is often used for furniture, construction, and making tools.
Mahogany is a genus of trees native to tropical regions of Africa, Central America, and the Caribbean. Over 50 mahogany species have a wide range of wood colors, textures, and properties. The following are some of the most popular mahogany wood types for woodworking and furniture.
Mahogany wood Types
African mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni)
This is the most common type of mahogany, known for its rich, dark red color and fine, even grain. It is popular for high-end furniture, musical instruments, and boatbuilding.
American mahogany (Swietenia mahogany)
This mahogany species is native to Florida and the Caribbean. It is slightly lighter in color than African mahogany and has a more open grain. It is still a valuable wood often used for furniture, cabinets, and musical instruments.
Honduras mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni)
This mahogany species is native to Central America. It is similar to African mahogany in color and grain but slightly softer and less dense. It is a popular choice for furniture, cabinets, and musical instruments.
Sapele (Entandrophragma cylindricum)
This mahogany species is native to West Africa. It is a very dense, hard wood with a beautiful grain pattern. It is often used for high-end furniture, boatbuilding, and musical instruments.
Sipo (Entandrophragma utile)
This mahogany species is native to West Africa. It is a moderately hard, dense wood with a beautiful grain pattern. It is often used for furniture, cabinets, and musical instruments.
The main difference between the Acacia and Mahogany wood tones is color. Acacia wood is a very pale-colored wood that is only seen in lighter shades while mahogany wood has a rich reddish-brown color tone to it thanks to the mix of other woods present in the species. Acacia wood is more popular in terms of commercial furniture since it is cheaper and the price difference can be very big. This does not mean that mahogany used for outdoor furniture is inferior, even though it is more expensive by comparison. It simply has a more attractive appearance and tone to it, especially when compared to acacia. Acacia and mahogany are both hard and durable. While Acacia is a little lighter but stronger than Mahogany, Mahogany is a little heavier but stronger than Acacia.
Frequently Asked Questions:
What is the difference between acacia wood vs mahogany wood?
The primary differences between acacia wood and mahogany wood are related to their hardness rating, coloration, and grain pattern. Acacia has a slightly higher hardness rating than mahogany as well as being denser which means it will resist denting better than mahogany. Acacia also tends to have a more consistent grain pattern because it’s often sourced from plantation trees which are planted
Which Is Harder, Acacia or Mahogany?
In the Janka hardness test, Mahogany ranks 1820 on the scale. In comparison, Acacia wood has a rating of 2350 on the Janka hardness scale. This means that Acacia is a harder wood than Mahogany. This makes it more resistant to scratches and dents.
Which wood (Acacia or Mahogany) is better for outdoor furniture?
Acacia wood is ideal for outdoor furniture because it has a beautiful grain pattern, holds up well against all types of weather conditions, and does not warp easily. It has a natural resistance to pests such as termites, fungus, and mold which makes it less likely that your patio table will be infested with bugs over time.